Land Art is a movement that uses the natural landscape to create site-specific structures, art forms, and sculptures. The movement grew out of Conceptualism and Minimalism, it began in the 1960’s and 70’s and was a rejection of growing commercialisation in society and the grotesque commercial behavior of the art market. It wanted to follow a ‘purer’ approach to art with the use of natural materials and site-specific works that could not be ‘sold’. The artists were influenced by the use of simple materials as seen in Arte Povera as well as the social sculptures and performances of artists like Joseph Beuys.
Materials used for Land Art were extracted directly from nature, such as stones, water, gravel, and soil. Influenced by prehistoric artworks such as Stonehenge, artists left their structures exposed to the elements. They were ephemeral and often disintegrated. The photographic recording was often the only remnant of the artwork as in the work of Richard Long
Work was often made in direct response to the site, with materials being used depending on the artists physical experience of the environment. These were chosen very carefully. The construction process itself became part of the artwork and the interaction of the artist’s body with the landscape was an important element. These were site-specific works that rejected the formal art world and required viewers to engage in the process of looking in a simple but also extreme way in terms of focus. We want you to develop this way of working as an extension of the Kino Eye. In this instance, and just like the Land Artists, we will reject mainstream decadence and celebrate decay. Andy Goldsworthy explains his approach and the process of work some of which we will be interesting for us to explore on Raasay.